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19  EMERGENCY ITEMS

How To Sharpen A Knife (Coldsteel SRK)

DR DAVID CLEVELAND 508-487-1956  or  508-487-1981
CLEVELAND78@LIVE.COM
Making a Fire with a lemon


Top 19 Emergency Supplies

 It's important to have the right emergency 
supplies in your
home before disaster hits.
Nowadays, no continent on Earth is safe from catastrophe,
and the same can be said for most U.S. states.
In 2004, over 300,000 people lost their lives in South Asia from
the most devastating tsunami on record. A year later, here in
New Orleans was all but destroyed by Hurricane Katrina.
America,

Just a few months ago, Southern California was devastated by
worst wildfires in our nation's history. On top of that, over a
million the people had to be evacuated, which 
was the largest evacuation of
U.S. citizens since the Civil War.

Then a severe ice storm shut down power across 
the Midwest,
leaving over a million people without heat and electricity for a
number of days. A few lost their lives.

Our planet is clearly going through perilous 
changes. The fact
the polar ice caps are melting, and the fact 
that the weather
is getting more severe all around the globe — 
well, it looks like
disasters are that
going to become more commonplace, and kill 
a lot more people.

If your area is hit by a major disaster, there's a good chance
you won't have any access to emergency 
supplies, and what
stores that do stock essential supplies are likely 
to be quickly
sold or even taken by looters, as tens of 
thousands of people
in nearby communities literally break down the doors of stores
to get their hands on food and supplies.

Here is a list of the top 20 items we believe 
would be smart to
on hand. Not only should you have these on 
hand, but explain to
your family members where they can find these items in your
house have (should something happen to you).

You Need:

1) Large Supply of Bottled Water and the 
knowledge to procure water from contaminated sources. Two of the most common for procuring drinking water from contaminated sources are
called "distilling" (which involves boiling water 
and collecting
the steam in methods "run-off" that then drips 
clean water into
a separate container); the other method is called "filtering",
which involves pouring water through a manufactured or home-
made "filter" system, in an effort to remove contaminates.

Before disaster hits, do some research online, 
and learn
water" and "how to filter contaminated water".
Then practice these "how to distill methods at 
home with your
family.When shopping for bottled water, look specifically for
"Food grade" water storage containers. These 
range in size from
1 gallon to 5-gallon jugs, to 55-gallon barrels 
and 250 gallons
and 500 gallon mega-size
containers (see link labeled "Water Storage Containers"
the page).

2) Non-perishable Food - This refers to any food that does not
need refrigeration and is packaged, canned, or bottled in a way
a long shelf life. Be sure to check expiration 
dates (see link
labeled
"Food Supplies" at the top of the page).
3) Candles / Wooden Matches / Lighters - 
(Candles, such as
Sterno's 60 Hour Emergency Candle) are 
specifically made to
burn for longer
amounts of time than traditional decorative 
candles. Like bottled water,
it's good to have a large supply of emergency candles, wooden matches,
and lighters. A few weeks down the road, 
candles are likely to
become
your only light source, especially if firewood runs low and those wind-up emergency flashlights 
stop working.

4) Light weight Axe - Firewood is the most 
obvious source to
provide
heat during cold temperatures, and as long as 
you have a good
axe,
you can turn just about anything into firewood. 
Even if you don't
have a fireplace, you can still build a makeshift fireplace or wood stove in your backyard out of rocks and mud (usable once the
mud dries). You can
also use a patio fire pit, as commonly sold at 
home improvement stores.

(If you build an outdoor fireplace, remove the 
grill from the oven
in the
kitchen of your house, and use it for outside cooking, in
conjunction with
your firepit.)

Choose an axe that is both heavy duty, and light weight,
because you
may end up carrying it in a backpack over long distances,
and the less it weighs, the better.


5) Propane for Cooking - There is something 
even more useful than 
firewood (in the early weeks of disaster), and 
that is propane.
Propane is the most obvious fuel source to keep 
on your property, and
most people who own a bar-b-cue usually have 
one multi gallon
propane tank tucked underneath or to the side. 
In preparing your
home for the disaster, if you have the money to 
spend, consider
buying and
filling five to ten of these. Or better yet, just as 
RV owners do,
you can
buy propane tanks that are extra large in 
capacity, and hold a lot more propane than 
typical 13-gallon bar-b-cue tanks.

Propane is a great survival tool in emergencies because it can be
used for both cooking and heating (but I suggest 
it only is used
for cooking, and that you get your heat from 
other sources, such
as warm clothing and warm blankets; this way 
you use as little propane as possible,
making it last longer).

Be sure to store any propane in your garage, or 
in a shed, or
outside
under a tarp – don't store it in your home, as it 
can have a slow
leak
and poison the air.

Rather than use propane to fuel a full size 
bar-b-cue, I suggest
you buy
a much smaller compact propane stove, as commonly used for camping,
as the right stove will be much more efficient, 
and use the least amount
of propane.

6) Propane Camp Stove - As propane is the most common fuel
used in outdoor bar-b-cues, a smaller two burner camp stove is
best, for
emergency purposes. When selecting a camp 
stove, choose one
that can handle repeat long term use.

Warning about Lawlessness - In the event of a catastrophe,
looters
may be out scavenging for propane tanks, so 
keep yours well
hidden, as much as possible. If you're doing any outside cooking, keep in mind
that the smell of your food can drift for a far distance, catching
the attention of scavengers, who (in the wake-up lawlessness)
may be willing to kill or seriously injure you, to 
take any and all water, food,
and other supplies you have on your property.

7) First Aid Kit - Make sure you have a 
well-stocked first aid kit,
which is commonly sold at drugstores and back- country stores.
With your kit,
be sure to include a generous supply of Homeopathic Remedies and Calendula spray for burns, stings, and cuts. Rubbing alcohol
and hydrogen peroxide are also recommended by some, for
washing out wounds, in preparation for 
bandaging. Anti-diarrhea
medication is also recommended, as there is a chance you may
eat contaminated food or drink contaminated
water at some point, and suffer from it.

8) Radio and batteries -and small emergency 
radio are good to have
around; if the news is still broadcasting you can 
pick up reports to find
out how the rest of the nation is faring during 
this time of devastation.
A radio is only as good as the amount of 
batteries you have to
power it, so keep a generous supply. Nowadays, there are
emergency radios for under $50 that do not need batteries but
have the wind up dial that you crank, to generate power for up to
30 minutes or more. It might be smart to have both, this way if
the wind-up dial ever breaks, you still have a backup radio with batteries.

9) Flashlight / Lantern - it's good to have 2 - 3 flashlights on
hand, that are heavy duty and can withstand moisture and be dropped. Headlamps are even better, as you can wear them
around your head, which frees up your hands for other use.

Today there are lanterns and flashlights that 
don't need batteries;
like
the emergency radios mentioned above, these usually generate power
by the wind up the dial, and some smaller flashlights you activate by
"shaking" for a short period of time. As it's not known how reliable
these devices are with repeat use, I suggest that you have both batteries operated flashlights / headlamps, in addition to the wind
up flashlights and the wind up lanterns.

10) Heavy Duty Tarp - Tarp is sold in most home improvement stores;choose a dark color that doesn't stand out (in case you
ever have to hide out in the forest), and have 
3 - 5 tarps of
various sizes. Tarp can be used for a number of things –
from building shelters in the forest, to building shelters
underground.

Rain Catch -Tarp can also be used as a "rain 
catch" for catching
rain water, for drinking. Lay the tarp out flat, 
and then hoist it
into the air from all four corners, so it sags in 
the middle; this is where water
from any rain will collect.

Warm Room - Tarp can also be used to help 
insulate a
"warm room", which is a room that is set aside in your house
where all family members can meet together at night, to conserve body heat. Just as children 
like to build "forts", choose one room in your 
house that you can close off at night, and build a "fort"
inside.

Stuff a bath towel or blanket under the door 
crack to keep the
cold from coming in and to keep body heat from escaping. Also,
hang up towels and blankets over the window, 
and even seal off
with tarp and duct tape to help keep warmth 
from escaping
at night  through the window pane.

Now that you have a "warm room" sealed off in 
your house, build a
"children's fort" inside (out of tarp and blankets) that is big enough
for your family too then crawl inside and sleep in. This is almost like the
"igloo" such as Eskimos build in the freezing 
snow of Alaska. You'll find that your body heat 
from you / your group will help keep this space 
at a warmer temperature than the rest of the 
house.

11) Bowie Knife - A good knife is an essential, 
and is going to cost some money. When 
choosing a knife, look for one where the blade 
runs to the bottom of the handle; and make sure that the store that you're buying
it from understands that you intend to do a lot of wood carving with it,
so you absolutely need a knife with a handle that won't fall apart with
repeat use. (If by chance you have to flee your home and community at
some point, a good Bowie knife – it is very important that the handle of
your knife be exceptionally durable.)


12) Hiking Boots - Like your bowie knife, 
expect to spend some
money on hiking boots. You want a pair that is going to last you,
and not fall apart if by chance you end up 
wearing them for two years
or more straight. When selecting a boot, let the store know that you
need a pair that is built to withstand heavy 
hiking, and that is the least
likely to need any repairs on the trail. You want a boot where the bottom
 sole is "stitched" to the rest of the boot, instead 
of simply glued to it,
which is how most cheaper boots come.

13) Compass - If you have to flee your 
community, or if you've simply
taken to nearby forests to hunt and fish for food, 
a good compass and
knowing how to use it is an important tool to 
have. Some compasses
even come with a built-in thermometer and signaling mirror, which can
help you out in a survival situation.

14) Bear Pepper Spray - Whether it's wild dogs 
that have gotten loose,
or cougars or bears that have strayed down into your community –
pepper spray that's strong enough to ward off Grizzly bears – called
"Bear Pepper Spray" for its strength – can prove 
to be a lifesaver.
Especially relevant if you live in the Provincetown MA.bear and Wildlife
areas.

Consider buying 3 - 5 large bottles, or one for 
each member of your
family. You can also use it to fend off looters (as long as they're not
pointing a gun at you).

Guard Alaska Bear spray - Bear Protection - Self Defense

15) Cold Weather Sleeping Bag - To make sure 
that you're protected
by any exceptional drop in temperature, you 
should consider buying a
sleeping bag that can hold up with repeat use, 
and will keep you warm
 to twenty degrees below zero. Depending on 
where you live in
America – you'll probably want to go even colder than that.
-22º Nato Military Issue Antarctica Sleeping Bag

16) Cold Weather Parka and Snow Pants - Since 
you might find
yourself out in cold weather during the daytime, 
as you collect
firewood, help out neighbors, and hunt and fish 
for food, it's important
to have the right coat and pants that can 
withstand the elements,
especially snow and slush. As an added bonus, if you have to flee your community, you can even sleep in your coat and pants, if they're
layered right and / or rated to keep you warm enough.

17) Personal Hygiene Items - In preparation for a widespread disaster,
and the possible collapse of government and our entire economy, you
should be aware that the next time you go 
shopping at a supermarket,
it could be your last. If the economy falls, 
stores are going to fast run
out of food and supplies, and without new shipments coming, there
will be no more stores to buy from. Not only is 
your money likely to be useless, but the items 
that you do need are going to be in high demand,
which probably means very hard to come by.

Stock up now on toothpaste, mouthwash, dental floss (the last thing
you want to have happened is a dental 
emergency when there are no
more dentists available), bar soap for bathing, shampoo, bleach,
bleach wipes (very handy), and laundry 
detergent. If you minimize
your use of these items, you can make them last many months.18)

Outdoor Clothing - If disaster strikes, there's a 
good chance you
won't be reporting to work in an office downtown, but you may find
yourself helping out neighbors and others in your community by building shelters and repairing houses that may have been damaged. With this
in mind, be sure to have clothing that can handle being outside in the elements.

stocking up on clothing that's geared for heavy 
use, such as that sold
by outdoor clothing stores, such as Carhart. 
Have an assortment of
pants, sweat pants, sweatshirts, hooded sweatshirts, thermal underwear,
and a few pairs of wool socks. If you can afford 
to buy more than the
average person, don't hesitate to do so.
When preparing for a natural disaster or 
large-scale terrorist attack
(such as a nuclear detonation in a nearby city), there's no such thing
as being over-prepared.

18.Buying More than You Need - Helping out 
other people in need –
especially in an emergency, such as a 
widespread natural disaster –
is the right thing to do. Be generous with what 
you have, and generous
with what you know. Be prepared to teach your neighbors some of the methods you should start teaching yourself, such as how to distill water
from contaminated sources, as well as how to 
make homemade water
filters (which I link to at the top of this article) 
for procuring water
that's safe to drink.
While you're taking steps toward preparing for disaster, most people
aren't, and when disaster strikes, they are simply not going to be
prepared. Many are going to be without food and water and other
items essential to survival.

Helping Friends, Family, and Neighbors - Please keep that in mind,
and as much as possible, consider buying more 
than your family needs,
so you can help out your neighbors (in addition 
to friends and family
that may live nearby) when disaster finally 
strikes. They're going to
need food and water also.
Consider sharing this article with them, and 
talking about some of the
basic steps every person should take in preparing their home for an
extended emergency, where the electricity is 
down indefinitely, and
there is no tap water, grocery store, or gasoline available for
transportation.

19) Hiking Backpack - Things might get bad. 
Really bad. You and your
the family might have to flee the area; in fact, 
you might have to flee the
entire state.
If you still have a vehicle, and you have a full 
tank of gas, and there's
still a road to drive on – great, you're in luck. 
Start driving and get
out of dodge.
But, at some point, you're going to run out of 
gas, and any gas station
you come to is likely to be closed and out of operation.
When that happens, strap on your hiking 
backpack, and start walking.
Have a detailed map of the state, and a detailed map of the U.S. and
Canada.

No More Road? Just Follow the Railroad Tracks - 
If for some reason
it's not safe to travel by road, you can always 
travel by walking
alongside railroad tracks. Make sure you have a specific map that
includes railroad track routes, and then consider following one or more
(make sure you have a good compass, and know how to use it before
hand).
Railroad tracks criss-cross the continent (many in North-South and
East-West directions), and may provide a safe passage should roads
ever be unsafe to travel by.
No matter where you are in the United States, 
the smartest destination
for fleeing the nation is to go NORTH, and into Canada, and head for
the foothills of the Canadian Rockies; you may 
even make it to Alaska.
In a worst case scenario, that's why it's 
important to have a full size
backpack, as commonly used by hikers and the military for multi-day
hikes. If in a disaster situation you ever have to 
flee your community –
and have to leave your car behind – having a 
hiking backpack means
you and your family can strap essential survival gear onto your backs,
and make your way to safety.

When Disaster Strikes -
 Around the world, the weather has gotten worse, and natural
disasters have gotten bigger and killed more 
people. (Hurricane
Katrina wiped out New Orleans, and the 2004 Tsunami killed over
300,000 people in South Asia).
Most recently, the California wildfires forced the evacuation of
over a million people from their Southern 
California communities,
as thousands watched their homes and the surrounding hills go up
in flames.
This winter, over a million people were left 
without power across
the Midwest states, as much of the nation 
suffered a deep freeze
and a large amount of snowfall where 
temperatures plunged well
below zero. Without electricity to power their homes, many of
these people had no heat, no light, no way to 
cook, no hot water,
and a few lost their lives.
Luckily, the power came back on a few days 
later, it may not be so
short the next time.