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WATER CONSERVATION
DR DAVID CLEVELAND
CLEVELAND78@LIVE.COM
WATER CONSERVATION



How Much Water Is Enough?

FEMA’s rule of thumb states that we should all have at least a 3-day supply of water which translates to one gallon per person per day and an active person needs at least one-half gallon of water daily just for drinking.

Additionally the following items will help ascertain your daily needs.

  • Individual needs differ based on age, climate, physical condition, activity, and diet.
  • Unwell people, nursing mothers, and children need more water.
  • Double the amount of water may be needed depending on how hot temperatures are.
  • If there is an emergency medical situation additional water may be required.

How Should We Store Water?

To manage the safest and most reliable emergency supply of water, it is suggested that you purchase bottled water. Do not open the bottled water until you need to use it. Store it in its original container. Remember to view and observe the “use by” date. Read more to discover how to Improve Your Bug Out Bag with Bottled Water.

Preparing Containers of Water

For water storage we recommend that you purchase food-grade water storage containers found in surplus or camping supplies stores. Clean the containers meticulously with dishwashing soap and rinse entirely so that there is no lingering soap before filling with water. Use the directions below for filling a proper container with water.

water-tanks

Choose two-liter plastic soft drink bottles and avoid cardboard containers or plastic jugs that have had milk or fruit juice in them if you choose to use your own storage containers. Milk protein and fruit sugars provide an environment for bacterial growth when water is stored in them and cannot be properly removed. Cardboard containers are not intended for long-term storage of liquids and leak easily. Glass containers can break and are heavy so avoid using them as well.

To Self Store Water in Plastic Soda Bottles, Follow These Steps:

  • Thoroughly clean the bottles with water and dishwashing soap.
  • Rinse out the residual soap completely.
  • Use one teaspoon of non-scented liquid household chlorine bleach to a quart of water in a solution to sanitize the bottles.
  • Make sure that the sanitizing solution touches all surfaces by swishing it in the bottle.
  • Rinse out the sanitizing solution exhaustively with clean water.

To Fill The Water Containers, Follow These Steps:

  • Fill up your bottle with regular tap water to the top see: Important Item for Urban Survival the Water Filter
  • There is no need to add anything more to the water to keep it clean if the tap water has been commercially treated from a water utility with chlorine.
  • Add two drops of non-scented liquid household chlorine bleach to the water if the water you are using comes from a water source or a well that has not been treated with chlorine.
  • Using the original cap tightly close the container however do not touch the inside of it with your finger to avoid contaminating the cap.
  • To identify when you filled it date the outside of the container.
  • It is best to store your water in a cool dark place.
  • If you do not use commercially bottled water replace the water every six months.

To ensure that you have the water you need to survive during a major disaster there are a number of things you need to do. If you find yourself in an emergency situation without water what should you do? You must act fast!! Here follow some suggestions:

  • Find a way to store as much water as possible.
  • Use your bathtubs, sinks, pots and other large storage containers to fill with water.
  • Most bathtubs can hold about 50 gallons of water.
  • The waterBOB® Emergency Drinking Water Storage is simple to use and works seamlessly with a bathtub.
  • Shut off your water main without delay to prevent contamination to your hot water heater (a fantastic source of emergency water).

Where To Find Water In An Emergency?

You can find emergency water in a number of places inside your home:

water-heaters

  • Hot water heater tank.
  • Canned goods contain liquids that can be drained.
  • Drain the water in pipes using gravity in multilevel homes by using the lowest faucet in the home after the water lines into your house have been shut off.
  • Toilet water from the flush tank (not the bowl) of your toilet can be boiled in an emergency the water.
  • Rainwater can be caught and stored using large pots and containers.

Create Your Own Water

With the EcoloBlue 28 Atmospheric Water Generator you can actually create your own water. This device is expensive and requires a source of power. Nonetheless the device may be an excellent option. Seven gallons of pure drinking water per day can be generated from only the humidity in the air.

Other Thoughts

Storing water can take up a lot of space and while you might not you have much space in your home check this post, The Easiest Way to Purify Water for additional ideas. However if you do have enough room and don’t want not to be concerned with hauling water back and forth from the local swimming hole, what you need to know follows.

  • Other than oxygen nothing is more important than water to your survival. The body uses water for removing waste, transporting nutrients, digestion, building tissue, and regulating body temperature. Humans can only last a few days at best without water.
  • Buy distilled water it is inexpensive, is readily available is bland but it is pure hydrogen and oxygen with no minerals, contaminants or bacteria so it lasts longer.
  • Ordinary plastic containers are too thin and leak or break after only a few months therefore use thick storage containers. Consider using official water storage containers.

A Few Warnings:

  • Avoid storing water near toxic substances, pesticides or gasoline. The best containers are porous so it is possible for fumes make their way inside to the water.
  • Remember that water weights a lot and should be store with adequate support.
  • Avoid drinking pool water as it contains many chemicals that are unsafe to drink.
  • Purchase five-gallon collapsible containers in case a disaster happens you may have time to fill them with tap water before the water supply is contaminated or the pressure is gone.
  • For those who didn’t purchase distilled water use small amounts of chlorine bleach to clean your water. It is possible to make tap water last a lot longer by putting four or five drops of bleach for every gallon.
  • After doing so, wait 30 minutes and see if you can smell the chlorine. If you can’t, add some more.
  • If your storage water tastes stale, try moving it from one container to another several times. Oxygen will be replenished and the taste will improve.

Appendix A: Water Conservation Tips

Indoor Water Conservation Tips

General

Never pour water down the drain when there may be another use for it. Use it to water your indoor plants or garden.
Repair dripping faucets by replacing washers. One drop per second wastes 2, 700 gallons of water per year!
Check all plumbing for leaks. Have leaks repaired by a plumber.
Retrofit all household faucets by installing aerators with flow restrictors.
Install an instant hot water heater on your sink.
Insulate your water pipes to reduce heat loss and prevent them from breaking.
Install a water-softening system only when the minerals in the water would damage your pipes. Turn the softener off while on vacation.
Choose appliances that are more energy and water efficient.
Bathroom

Consider purchasing a low-volume toilet that uses less than half the water of older models. Note: In many areas, low-volume units are required by law.
Install a toilet displacement device to cut down on the amount of water needed to flush. Place a one-gallon plastic jug of water into the tank to displace toilet flow (do not use a brick, it may dissolve and loose pieces may cause damage to the internal parts). Be sure installation does not interfere with the operating parts.
Replace your shower head with an ultra-low-flow version.
Place a bucket in the shower to catch excess water for watering plants.
Avoid flushing the toilet unnecessarily. Dispose of tissues, insects, and other similar waste in the trash rather than the toilet.
Avoid taking baths - take short showers - turn on water only to get wet and lather and then again to rinse off.
Avoid letting the water run while brushing your teeth, washing your face, or shaving.
Kitchen

Operate automatic dishwashers only when they are fully loaded. Use the "light wash" feature, if available, to use less water.
Hand wash dishes by filling two containers - one with soapy water and the other with rinse water containing a small amount of chlorine bleach.
Clean vegetables in a pan filled with water rather than running water from the tap.
Start a compost pile as an alternate method of disposing of food waste or simply dispose of food in the garbage. (Kitchen sink disposals require a lot of water to operate properly).
Store drinking water in the refrigerator. Do not let the tap run while you are waiting for water to cool.
Avoid wasting water waiting for it to get hot. Capture it for other uses such as plant watering or heat it on the stove or in a microwave.
Avoid rinsing dishes before placing them in the dishwasher; just remove large particles of food. (Most dishwashers can clean soiled dishes very well, so dishes do not have to be rinsed before washing)
Avoid using running water to thaw meat or other frozen foods. Defrost food overnight in the refrigerator or use the defrost setting on your microwave oven.
Laundry

Operate automatic clothes washers only when they are fully loaded or set the water level for the size of your load.
Outdoor Water Conservation Tips

General

Check your well pump periodically. If the automatic pump turns on and off while water is not being used, you have a leak.
Plant native and/or drought-tolerant grasses, ground covers, shrubs, and trees. Once established, they do not need water as frequently and usually will survive a dry period without watering. Small plants require less water to become established. Group plants together based on similar water needs.
Install irrigation devices that are the most water efficient for each use. Micro and drip irrigation and soaker hoses are examples of efficient devices.
Use mulch to retain moisture in the soil. Mulch also helps control weeds that compete with landscape plants for water.
Avoid purchasing recreational water toys that require a constant stream of water.
Avoid installing ornamental water features (such as fountains) unless they use recycled water.
Car Washing

Use a shut-off nozzle that can be adjusted down to a fine spray on your hose.
Use a commercial car wash that recycles water. If you wash your own car, park on the grass so that you will be watering it at the same time.
Lawn Care

Avoid over watering your lawn. A heavy rain eliminates the need for watering for up to two weeks. Most of the year, lawns only need one inch of water per week.
Water in several short sessions rather than one long one, in order for your lawn to better absorb moisture.
Position sprinklers so water lands on the lawn and shrubs and not on paved areas.
Avoid sprinklers that spray a fine mist. Mist can evaporate before it reaches the lawn. Check sprinkler systems and timing devices regularly to be sure they operate properly.
Raise the lawn mower blade to at least three inches or to its highest level. A higher cut encourages grass roots to grow deeper, shades the root system, and holds soil moisture.
Plant drought-resistant lawn seed.
Avoid over-fertilizing your lawn. Applying fertilizer increases the need for water. Apply fertilizers that contain slow-release, water-insoluble forms of nitrogen.
Use a broom or blower instead of a hose to clean leaves and other debris from your driveway or sidewalk.
Avoid leaving sprinklers or hoses unattended. A garden hose can pour out 600 gallons or more in only a few hours.
Pool

Install a new water-saving pool filter. A single back flushing with a traditional filter uses 180 to 250 gallons of water.
Cover pools and spas to reduce evaporation of water.